Shkodra City

Shkodra, description

” Capital moral Shqipnisë ”
 Dom Lazer Shantoja
” An ordinary man, come from the city’s Orthodox Monastery, Shkodra appears early Europe ”
 Ismail Kadare

Shkodra , which locals called “Shkodra”, is a city in Albania northwestern established about V-IV century BC. The city now has about 115 000 inhabitants, is the capital of the district and county on the same name.

The touristic and historical places to be visited in Shkoder:

  • Olistolitet e Kodrës së Tepes
  • Mbihipja tektonike e Shirokës
  • Fragmenti i thyrjes tektonike Shkodër – Pejë (Karmë)
  • Blloku Gravitativ i Gurit të Zi
  • Ujëvara e Thethit
  • Rasa e Palajve
  • Guri i Lekës
  • Shpella e Gjeçovit
  • Portat e Shalës
  • Shpella e Thethit
  • Shpella e Gajtanit
  • Pragu i Kapreit
  • Shpella e Jubanit
  • Cirku i Gropës së Bukur së Jezercës
  • Burimet e Shtarzës
  • Liqeni i Jezerces
  • Pisha Flamur e Qafës së Pejës
  • Ura shkëmbore e Markzagorës
  • Burimet e Okolit – Thethit
  • Shpella e Majës së Arapit
  • Gështenja e Mgullit (Pult)
  • Bliret në Lesniqe
  • Kanioni i urës së Shtrenjtë
  • Shpella e Zhylës
  • Shpella e Melagjisë
  • Shpella e Muriqit
  • Kanioni i Grunasit
  • Kërleka e Kakisë
  • Shpella e Liqethit Cukal
  • Burimet e Kirit
  • Habitati i Salamandrës Alpine
  • Shpella e Kataraktit
  • Fusha e Liqethit
  • Pylli i ishullit të Franc Jozefit
  • Lisat e Minaqit (Domne)
  • Rrepet e Vorrezave të Ramajt
  • Çinari i Hoxhë Dheut
  • Çinari i Tophanës
  • Rrapi i T’planës

Geography

Georgaphic scope
Extends to about 16.46 km ² [4] in the hydrographic knot near the lake with the same name and rivers cascade , Buna and Kir in the foothills of the “protected” from the lake, the Albanian Alps in the east where peaks stand out Cukali (1,722 m) , Maranaj (1,576 m), Sheldies (mountain Barleti sardonic, for the Shurdhahu) and Tarabosh (about 700 m) to the west and the Adriatic Sea . In a radius of 45 km can be achieved in the Adriatic sandpits, walks and hiking in the Alps , the rowing rivers [5] [6] . Shkodra is one of the most important cities of Albania.
In Shkodra district are larger plants in the country, he Vau Deja and Koman who are leading conductors of electricity in homes Albanians. The city is visited by tourists throughout the year and offers shumllojshë tourism is worth noting that cultural, coastal, lake, river and mountain from Velipojë in the Adriatic, Shiroka of Zogaj edge of the lake , Sarda in Vau Deja until Razëm , Shkrel , Bog , Theth , Vermosh through the mountains, too many other points.
Climate

Scope in the middle of a field landscape, hilly pre-mountainous and mountainous terrain, proximity to the Adriatic Sea and Lake Skadar have defined its climate, a Mediterranean climate with mild wet winters and hot dry summers. Average annual temperatures range from 14.5 ° C to 16.8 ° C. Temperature in January is 1.9 ° C to 9 ° C. In the winter the wind blows murlanit (local wind), cold, hard and dry, while in late autumn wind blows of Shiroku, accompanied by rain and blowing the river. The amount of rainfall in the city is great. On average there fall 2000 mm rain per year, so one of the more humid areas of Albania. The city and surrounding areas are blessed with a variety t’elementeve both natural and cultural. Attractive neighborhoods deemed to be piace (it is the only city in Albania calls so its center), identified as the town center with the center statues of Mother Teresa and Louis Gurakuqi , and Sarreqi, Gjuhadoli (old street neighborhood, name of which is fatigue of travelers coming from the castle there) and one of the scenic roads – showing multiple architectures and Kole Idromeno hand in some buildings, – connecting the Cathedral on the east side of the city with downtown .The city has around 100 000 inhabitants known for its diversity in urban kahin [11] architectural , older homes with 1 or 2 floors kitchen garden green yards with all kinds of flowers, the streets are narrow and were once stone Seasoned (narrow streets of small feature, named from families that have contributed to the city or the legend, in the streets / neighborhoods as Sarreqi , Gjuhadoli , Great Nuts Shkodra still feel the smell of paint in the prose of Ernest Koliqi or Indeed Kole works Idromeno Simon Rrota . Constructions century later. XX influenced by traditional architectural trends, Italian Rationalism of socialist realism. Shkodra has about 90 cultural monuments which are distinguished in part Antiko – Medieval: Rozafa Castle with significant indigenous cultural footprint, surrounding walls of the ancient city (Roman period), Castle Museum, the Church of St. Stephen and the Church of Our Lady of Shkodra , Lead Mosque , clock Inglizit Bridge Mid . While the new part of the city there today after the communist destruction of cult objects to religious institutions: “Abu Bakr” Mosque Perashit Shkodra Cathedral , Franciscan Church, Orthodox Church (mosaics t’cilës made Peter Marubi) Madrasas “Sheh Shame”, Ndërdioqezan Seminar Albanian Franciscan College – North, Former college saverian, Gymnasium “At Peter Meshkalla” Albanian Katekistik Institute etc; educational and cultural institutions: University “Louis the Gurakuqi” established in 1957, the Library ” Marin Barleti “The collection” captures “- the biggest in Albania (endangered fail state mospërkujdesja) Theatre Migjeni , District Museum (Museum House of Oso Kuka), Radio “Shkodra” Cultural Centre “Don Bosco” State High School “28 November” Art School “Preng Jakova” etc.; health institutions: Civil Hospital “Jorgji Karamitri” Pediatric Hospital, Hospital Obstetrics-Gynaecology, Psychiatric Hospital, Hospital infectious, Sanatoriumi etc.; these important places: Telecom Hotel “Rozafa” Hotel “Argenti” Albanian National Bank. Skadar Lake is the largest lake in GAD. Balkan and Shiroka centers of Zogaj are visited by domestic and foreign tourists. About 5 km east of Shkodra found The Drisht medieval towns .

History

Shkodra is one of the most ancient and largest Albania, an important economic and cultural center. It lies on the southern edge of the valley of Shkodra near Shkodra Lake, height 16 m., Between the river Drin and Buna, mountain Tarabosh and Rozafa castle.
Shkodra was established there from c. IV B.C. Shkodra castle surrounding hills. Was the center of the Illyrian tribe Labeats and during the reign of Salim (181-168 BC) became the capital of the Illyrian state. Of this period are cut coins with the name of the city. It was conquered by the Romans in 168 B.C. Through Shkoder pass famous commercial and military road coming from the north and through the Drin valley passed in Kosovo . On the 1040 was captured by the Serbs and was the capital of Zetes. During century. XIV became an important center institutions developed autonomous municipality and later feudal center Balshaj.Me 1936 was captured by the Venetians, whose rule was interrupted by a series of uprisings popullsise.Shkodra. I did face two Ottoman sieges, with 1474 of 1478-79 and fell to their after a heroic safeguards that were echoed nderkombetare.Ishte Marin Barleti Humanist birthplace of Marin Becikemi.Pas population moved conquest, the city was ruined as y back in fshat.U Recovery and c. XVII reached 1800 shtepi.U became the main economic center of northern Albania and the Sanjak of Shkodra, flowered CRAFTS, making weapons, silk, jewelery, etc. Two-storey houses were built of stone with cardak, shopping, Bridge Mesit.By the  century. XVIII became the center of Shkodra Patriarchy under rule of Bushatllinj (1757-1831). Even after the collapse of the Patriarchy, residents have made a series of uprisings against the Ottoman invaders (1833-1836,1854,1861-62,1869).
Greater economic development reached Shkodra by mid-century. XIX. On the 1870 had 50,000 inhabitants. Besides serving as the center of the vilayet was an important hub for the entire Western Balkans 3500 shops.Me 1807-1808 was built bezisteni. Producing  fabric, national dresses, leather, tobacco, gunpowder etc. Since 1718 were open consular agencies of several  foreign countries .As a  port was used Oboti, but especially Ulcinj and later Shengjini. With the  intervention of foreign powers in the mid-century. XIX was established Jesuit seminar and Franciscan assembly. During the  years of the League of Prizren  Shkodra was important heart of national movement .Inhabitants took part in the fighting for the protection of the Albanian lands and signed publicly in the main square of the city which led protests towards great powers . Shkodra,  was more active and gave assistance to protect Plav Gucia, Hoti and Gruda, and the struggle for pressing Ulcinj. She was the first to be pressed by guns from High Gate.
Shkodra has been also an important cultural center .It is renown for Bushatllinjve library, for which in the early XIX  century during the 1940. rose buildings, which served then as head of branch of the branch of League. Founded the literary society, culture and sports, as society ‘Bashkimi’ and ‘Agimi’. Was raised printing house, where he published the first newspapers and magazines within Albania.On the 1878 first rose the country music band in Shkodra started photographers work Marubi, from which inherited a photo-theques  far rich. Shkodra is the birthplace of Pashko Vasa, Zef Jubani, Luigj Gurakuqi, Filip Shiroka of many writers etc.On the 1905 was celebrated for the first time May 1 in Albania. Shkodra during the Balkan War and during World War I became the prey of predatory goals of Montenegro S erbise. The people of Shkodra  were held for seven months in a row against the city besieging Serbian and Montenegrin armies, which entered the city to 23.4.1913, with the betrayal of Esat Pasha Toptani seriously damaging the city and burned the bazaar. But they were forced on the 14.5.1913 to leave Shkodra which according to the decision of the Conference of Ambassadors in London was part of Albania, but located in an international administration.
With the outbreak of World War I Montenegrin forces again entered 27.6.1915 in Shkoder. 22.1.1916 city was occupied by Austria-Hungary, and became their center of occupation.At the end of the war it was decided temporarily international military administration and 11.3.1920 Shkodra administratively merged with the national Government Tiranes. In the second half of 1920 it faced a new danger: military intervention Serbo-Croat-Slovene State (Koplik War).
Shkodra. has been one of the main homes of revolutionary-democratic movement in the years 1921-1924.In the  elections for the Constituent Assembly (27/12/1923), with the overwhelming majority of votes, won opposition .Night of May 31, 1924, revolutionary forces took control of the city and from here left for Tirane. During years 1924-1939 were a slow industrial development, were set up small factories, workshops of the food industry, textile of cement. Me 1923 Shkodra had 20,000 banore.ndersa with 1939 was 29,000.
Shkodra was seat arkipeshkvise, by hanging 30 dioceses and here with 1930 opened a popular secular school, 1922 State High School, Boarding «Our Mountains», sports and cultural society ‘Vllaznia’.
Fascist invaders were welcomed with arms in hand, and their resistance against continued demonstrations strike.
Shkodra was liberated by 29.11.1944 and it marked the full liberation of the country.